Basic Italian Phrases and Words: Everyday Italian for The Traveler

Basic Italian phrases and words for when you go to Italy. Phrases for everyday Italian and everyday situations. Your Italian 101 survival course also includes pronunciation rules.

Speaking Italian is appreciated, even if you struggle to speak and murder the language in your poor pronunciation. This is because, out of the major cities, you will find very few people who can speak English well. The further south you go of Rome, the more Italian you will have to learn to speak.

So we have some basic Italian words and phrases that cover most aspects of everyday Italian and situations that you will find yourself in. If you want to speak fluent Italian, we suggest you attend some courses before you travel to Italy.


Pronunciation for your Basic Italian Phrases and Words

Vowels

a is broad, like a in father: casa

e has 2 sounds; closed like ey in they: sera, open like e in egg: settei is like ee in feet: vinereo has 2 sounds; closed like o in show: croma, open like o in dog: boccau is like oo in moon: luna

* When two or more vowels come together each vowel is pronounced separately: buona, baia

Consonants

b, d, f, l, m, n, p, t, v are pronounced as we do in English. When these are double, the are pronounced as individual sounds: bello

c before a, o or u, and before consonants is like k in king: cane. Before e or i it is like ch in church: cena

ch is also like k in king: chiesa

g before a, o, or u is hard like g in got: gufo, before e or i it is like j in jelly: gentile

gh is like g in gun: ghiaccio

gl when followed by a, e, o, and u is like gl in glass: gloria

gli is like lli in million: figlio

gn is like ni in onion:bagno

h is silent

ng is like ng in finger:ringraziare

r is pronounced distinctly

s between 2 vowels is like s in rose: riso, at the beginning of a word it is like s in soap: sapone

sc before e or i is like sh in shell: scienza

z sounds like ts within a word: fazione and dz at the beginning: zoo.


Below are few words and Basic Italian Phrases  101 that you can use while visiting Italy.
 

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Numbers

1 - uno

2 - due

3 - tre

4 - quatro

5 - cinque

6 - sei

7 - sette

8 - otto

9 - nove

10 - dieci

11 - undici

12 - dodici

13 - tredici

14 - quattordici

15 - quindici

16 - sedici

17 - diciassette

18 - diciotto

19 - diciannove

20 - venti

20 - ventuno

22 - ventidue

30 - trenta

40 - quaranta

50 - cinquanta

60 - sessanta

70 - settanta

80 - ottanta

90 - novanta

100- cento


Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Sequential Numbers

  • first - primo
  • second - secondo
  • third - terzo
  • fourth - quatro
  • fifth - quinto
  • sixth - sesto

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Questions & Time

  • how long - per quanto tempo
  • how far - quanto lontano
  • yesterday - ieri
  • today - oggi
  • tomorrow - domani
  • day - giorno
  • week - settimana
  • next week - settimana prossima
  • last week - settimana scorsa
  • ...days ago - ...giorni fa
  • month - mese
  • year - anno
  • What time is it? - Che ore sono?
  • It's midnight - e mezzanotte
  • It's a quarter - e un quarto
  • It's a quarter after/past - e un quarto

  • It's half past - e mezzo
  • It's a quarter to/before - e meno un quarto
  • last year - l'anno scorso
  • the next day - il giorno dopo
  • next week - la settimana prossima
  • It's one o'clock - Sono l'una
  • It's two o'clock - Sono le due
  • It's three o'clock - Sono le tre
  • It's four o'clock - Sono le quattro
  • It's five o'clock - Sono le cinque
  • It's six o'clock - Sono le sei
  • It's seven o'clock - Sono le sette
  • It's eight o'clock - Sono le otto
  • It's nine o'clock - Sono le nove
  • It's ten o'clock - Sono le dieci
  • It's eleven o'clock - Sono le undici
  • It's twelve o'clock - Sono le dodici

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Days of the Week

  • Monday - lunedi
  • Tuesday - martedi
  • Wednesday - mercoledi
  • Thursday - giovedi
  • Friday - venerdi
  • Saturday - sabato
  • Sunday - domenica

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Months of the Year



 
  • January - Gennaio
  • February - Febbraio
  • March - Marzo
  • April - Aprile
  • May - Maggio
  • June - Giugno
  • July - Iuglio
  • August - Agosto
  • September - Settembre
  • October - Ottobre
  • November - Novembre
  • December - Dicembre

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Basic Italian

  • Mr. - Signore
  • Mrs. - Signora
  • Miss. Signorina
  • yes- si
  • no - no
  • please - per favore
  • thank you - grazie
  • How are you? - come sta?
  • Fine, thank you - benissimo, grazie
  • I don't understand - non capisco
  • I don't know - non lo so
  • good morning - buongiorno
  • good afternoon - buon pomeriggio
  • good evening - buona sera
  • good night - buona notte
  • morning - mattino
  • afternoon - pomeriggio
  • evening - sera
  • night - notte
  • good-bye - arrivederci
  • hello and goodbye - ciao
  • excuse me - mi scusi
  • excuse me! (to attract attention) Senta!
  • I'm sorry - Mi dispiace
  • You're welcome - Prego!
  • please speak more slowly - Parli piu lentamente per favore
  • That's fine - Va bene!
  • Very well - molto bene
  • I don't feel well - Non me sento bene
  • Just a minute - Un momento
  • here - qui
  • there - li
  • where? - dove?
  • what? - cosa?

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: At the Restaurant

  • Do you have a table for two? - Ha un tavolo per due?
  • Smoking or non-smoking? - Fumitori o non-fumatori?
  • Waiter / Waitress! - Cameriere/ Cameriera, per favore!
  • I don't have a glass. - Non ho il bicchiere.
  • May I have the menu, please? - Potrei avere il menu, per favore?
  • May I have the wine list, please? - Potrei avere la lista dei vino, per favore?
  • I would like a beer. - Vorrei una birra.
  • Do you have a set menu / local specialities? - Avete un menu fisso/ delle specialitè locali?
  • What do you recommend? - Cosa mi raccomanderebbe?
  • Do you have vegetarian dishes? - Avete dei piatti vegetariani?
  • Anything else? - Altro?
  • I would like...- Io vorrei....
  • I would like a cappuccino please. - Vorrei un cappuccino, per favore.
  • I'd like my steak well done, please. - Vorrei una bistecca ben cotta, per favore.
  • I am allergic to nuts - Sono allergica alla frutta secca.
  • I am allergic to seafood - Sono allergico alla frutti di mare.
  • The bill, please. - Il conto, per favore.

Italian Flag

Basic Cultural Tip for Travel in Italy: Italians are not big tea drinkers and if they ever do have tea, they have it with lemon, rather than milk. So if you want milk in your tea, ask for some cold milk -The basic Italian phrase for that is: "Un po di'latte freddo, per favore."

They also drink much of their coffee without milk unless you ask for American coffee. If you want strong, coffee with milk, ask for "Il caffe machiato", which is an espresso with a little milk.


Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Food

  • bread - il pane
  • butter - il burro
  • cheese - il formaggio
  • coffee - il caffè
  • cream - la panna (montata)
  • ice cream - il gelato
  • lemon - il limone
  • milk - il latte
  • mineral water - la acqua minerale
  • fizzy water - la aqua gassata
  • still water - la aqua naturale
  • mustard - la senape
  • pepper - il pepe
  • salad - la insalata
  • salt - il sale
  • sugar - lo zucchero
  • tea - il tè
  • herbal tea - la tisana
  • a sandwich - il panino

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Cooking Methods

  • fried - fritto/a
  • grilled - alla griglia
  • roasted - arrosto
  • boiled - lesso/a
  • steamed - al vapore
  • (Steak) rare - al sangue
  • (Steak) well done - ben cotta
  • (Steak) medium - medio

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: At the Hotel

  • I have a reservation - Ho fatto una prenotazione
  • Have you got a room? - Avente una camera?
  • I would like to to reserve a single room, with a bathroom. Vorrei prenotare una camera doppia, con bagno.
  • I would like to reserve a twin-bedded room, with a shower. - Vorrei prenotare una camera con due letti, con doccia.
  • I would like to reserve a room with a double bed - Vorrei prenotare una camera con letto matrimonale
  • I would prefer rooms with a sea view. - Possibilmente camere con vista sul mare.
  • I would like a quiet room with a wash basin - Vorrei una camera tranquilla con lavandino.
  • I'll take it - Lo prendo
  • I'll leave it - Lo lascio
  • I have a reservation. My name is Mr./Mrs .... - Ha gia prenotato. Mi chiammo Signor/Signora
  • Does the price include tax? - E'Tutto compresso tasse?
  • Does the price include breakfast? - E'Tutto compresso colazione?
  • Does the price include services? - E'Tutto compresso servizio?
  • That costs too much. Do you have something less expensive? - Costa troppo. Avete qualcosa meno caro?
  • This room is too small - Questa camera e troppo piccola.
  • This room is too cold - Questa camera e troppo fredda.
  • This room is too noisy - Questa camera e troppo rumerosa.
  • Where is your dining room - Dove sala da pranzo?
  • What time is breakfast? - A che ora e la prima colazione?
  • What time is dinner? - A che ora e la cena?
  • What time does the hotel close? - A che ora e chiude l'albergo?
  • Will I need a key? - Avro bisogno della chiave?
  • I will be leaving tomorrow evening - Parto domani mattina.
  • Come in! - Avanti!

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Shops & Buildings

  • antique shop - antiquario
  • art gallery - pinacoteca
  • bakery - panificio, forno
  • bank - banca
  • barber - barbiere
  • beauty salon - instituto di bellezza
  • bookshop - libreria
  • butcher - macelleria
  • cake shop - pasticceria
  • church - chiesa
  • pharmacy - farmacia
  • clothes shop - negozio di abbigliamento / di confezioni
  • dairy - latteria
  • delicatessen - salumeria / pizzicheria
  • estate agency - agenzia immobiliare
  • fishmonger - pescheria
  • florist - fiorario
  • greengrocer - ortolano

  • grocer - drogheria
  • haberdasher - merciaio
  • hairdresser - parrucchiera
  • hospital - ospedale
  • jeweller - gioielleria
  • library - biblioteca
  • market - mercato
  • museum - museo
  • newsagent - giornalaio
  • optician - ottico
  • photographic shop - negazio fotografico
  • post office - ufficio postale
  • railway station - stazione
  • shoe shop - negazio di calzature
  • stationers - cartoleria
  • supermarket - supermercato
  • tailor - sarto
  • tabacconist - tabaccheria (also sells stamps)
  • tourist office - ente del turismo
  • toy shop - negazio di giocattoli
  • travel agent - agenzia di viaggio

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Shopping

  • Do you take credit cards? - Accettate carte du credito?
  • What time do you open? - A che ore apre?
  • What time do you close? A che ore chiude?
  • Do you have...? - Avete...?
  • I'm just looking - Sto soltanto guardando
  • This one - questo
  • That one - quello
  • size, clothes - la taglia
  • size, shoes, - il numero
  • bianco - white
  • black - nero
  • red - rosso
  • yellow - giallo
  • green - verde
  • blue - blu

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Adjectives & Others

  • left / right - sinistra / destra
  • up / down - su / giù
  • good / bad - buono / cattivo
  • big / small - grande / piccolo
  • cheap / expensive - economico / caro
  • hot / cold - caldo / freddo
  • open / closed - aperto / chiuso
  • free/ occupied - libero / occupato
  • early / late - presto / tardi
  • beautiful / ugly - bello / brutto
  • quiet / noisy - tranquillo / rumorosa
  • well / badly - bene / male
  • entrance / exit - entrata / uscita
  • quickly / slowly - presto / lento

Basic Italian Phrases & Words: Useful Phrases

  • Does anyone here speak English? - Qualcuno qui parla inglese?
  • I don't speak (much) Italian. - Non parlo l'italiano/ molto italiano.
  • Could you repeat that? - Per favore, potrebbe ripetere?
  • Could you spell it? - Per favore, potrebbe fare lo spelling?
  • Can you translate this for me / us? - Potrebbe tradurre questo per me/ per noi?
  • What does this mean? - Che cosa vuol dire?
  • How much is that? - Quanto costa?
  • Where are you from? - Di dove sei?
  • It's good for me - Per me va bene
  • Does this bus / train stop at ... ? - Questo autobus/treno ferma a...?
  • Where is the bathroom? - Dove il bagno?
  • I have been robbed - Sono stato derubato

When you learn to speak Italian, learning basic Italian phrases and words is not enough. To be a true Italian you have to know how to use various hand gestures. Watch the following videos. The first one is on Italian hand gestures and the others are teaching you Italian 101.

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video: Safety

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video: Greetings

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video: Dining

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video: Numbers and Days of the Week

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video: Shopping

Learn Basic Italian Phrases on Video: Directions


Books on Learning Italian


 

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