Italy is a constitutional parliamentary republic. The President, who is the head of the state, serves a 7 year term of office and may be reelected. Italy is divided administratively into 20 regions, of which 15 have an ordinary statute ( a statute approved by parliament) and the other 5; Aosta Valley
, Trentino-Alps, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sicily and Sardinia have a special statute approved by a constitutional law. There are 103 provinces, each with its own administrative center. Italy also has 8,104 communes (municipalities).
Regions, provinces and municipalities are the layers of local government, each of which is responsible for certain administrative, judicial, legislative and social functions as well as general services. In addition to administrative and judicial offices, the provincial capitals also contain the police headquarters, the prefect's office and the USL (Unita Sanitarie Locali, the local health authorities.
Since 1948 there has been a Constitution of Italy (parliament), an executive branch (cabinet), headed by the President of the Council (prime minister), and a independent judicial branch headed by the 'Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura'. The President is the head of state, though his position is separate from all branches.
If you want to print this page, add to Pinterest etc. press the + sign.