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10 Things to See and Do in Rome in 24 Hours

Your travel to Rome, Italy is all about your state of mind. Making every hour count means letting the timeless grandeur and beauty of the place seep into your blood. So, keep your eyes open for the little things that aren't on any list, the nooks and nuances of this ancient city, which remind me that after 10 years of living here my time in Rome has been but a blink in the city's eye.

The best way to see the city of Rome is to walk. The sights of London or Paris might be mapped out by a few select subway stops. But in Rome, where you can usually count on good weather and unreliable transportation, you're best off doing as much as possible by foot. 

On the street is also where you'll unearth those unexpected finds. The warm aroma of a bakery. The handmade leather of a local craftsman. The tucked-away piazza that seems stuck in the 16th century, with grandma hanging the clothes out the window and six-year-olds chasing each other across the cobblestones. Even if it doesn't ever really change, Rome always has the power to surprise.

Rome Italy: 1. Galleria Borghese 


They say the best museum in Rome is the city itself. That may be so, but the Galleria Borghese is still a gem worth seeing. Its collections are housed in a magnificent 17th-century villa and offer a compact course in the Italian aesthetic. In just 20 rooms, you are exposed to antiquities, the Renaissance and the beginnings of baroque art. Visits to the Galleria in the northeast corner of the sprawling Villa Borghese park are by reservation, which allows you the pleasure of seeing the Bernini sculptures from every angle without being crowded out.

Rome Italy: 2. San Luigi dei Francesi


Once you've gotten a taste of Caravaggio, a late Renaissance master whose work is featured at the Galleria Borghese, you can't leave Rome without seeing what many say is his most powerful work. You'll have to go to church to do it.

The Calling of Saint Matthew hangs in the Contarelli Chapel of the San Luigi dei Francesi church, a reminder that 400-year-old art was provocatively modern when it was first conceived. Two other Caravaggio works �€” St. Matthew and the Angel and the Martyrdom of St. Matthew �€” which round out the triptych, are also on permanent display here. Seeing such a renowned work in a church you might otherwise have easily overlooked is proof that Rome really is a living museum.

Like other basilicas, entry is free (come in the morning, since the church closes at lunchtime); you'll have to drop a few coins to light up the paintings in the darkened interior and see how Caravaggio infused his own light into the baroque melodrama.

Rome Italy: 3. Giorgio de Chirico House-Museum


It's hard to get away from art in Italy. Here's one last solely art-related suggestion, and one that quickly brings us up to the 20th century. The Giorgio de Chirico House-Museum is a chance to get a guided look at some of the signature works of the master of classically fueled surrealism and to get a peek into his sunny attic studio.

The pristinely preserved two-level apartment, where De Chirico lived for more than 30 years until his death in 1978, also lets you glimpse how the city's upper crust have lived for centuries. In this case, it's accompanied by about the best view overlooking the splendid Piazza di Spagna. The living area has been left largely as it was during De Chirico's life and displays dozens of his works. Reservations must be made in advance.

Rome Itay: 4. Via del Governo Vecchio

If you look out ol' Giorgio's living room window (from the Giorgio de Chirico House-Museum) across Piazza di Spagna, you will see the famous Via Condotti, which stacks most of the best-known Italian designers into a 100-m stretch of real estate. For my money, though, I'd go to the other side of downtown for a less well-known, but no less elegant shopping experience on Via del Governo Vecchio, where you can buy everything from fur to bathing suits. It may not exactly be a bargain for American shoppers, but you'll probably find items not yet available in the U.S.

Rome Italy: 5. Ponte Sisto Stroll

The best way to soak up the city �€” and to find some of the quainter (and more affordable) shops �€” is to zig-zag from vicolo to vicolo (alley), piazza to piazza. For a good two-hour stroll, start at the bustling Piazza Navona, then head south through Campo dei Fiori, where you'll find cafés and daily food and flower markets, to the beguiling Piazza Farnese, with its pair of fountains and Renaissance palace. From there, continue toward Ponte Sisto. The ponte (bridge) offers a great perspective on the beauty of Rome, with the Gianicolo hill rising to the west and St. Peter's Basilica to the north. Cross the Tiber to arrive in the utterly charming Trastevere neighborhood, where laundry swings overhead and flowers burst from window boxes; your stroll can continue, and the enchantment (and shops) will keep coming.

Rome Italy:  6. Pizza al Taglio

By now you're hungry. If you have a lot of ground to cover and don't have time for a sit-down lunch, try some of the best stand-up pizza of your life. Rome is filled with these pizzerie al taglio (sliced), where ordering what you want is as easy as pointing through the glass toward the variety you like, nodding your approval for the width of the serving, then digging in. Feel free to ask for smaller portions of two or three different types. Beside the standard margherita (tomato sauce and mozzarella), most pizzerie will make a mean potato or zucchini pizza, as well as fresh cherry tomatoes and mozzarella.

Two of my favorite places to eat in Rome are near the Trevi Fountain. Da Michele serves kosher pizza (meat, but no cheese) cooked to crisp perfection with endless varieties. Try sausage and broccoli, or mushrooms and arugula. My other favorite pizzeria is so small it doesn't have a name. It is on Via del Piè di Marmo, near the corner of Via del Gesù. Try the eggplant. Buonissima!

Rome Italy: 7. Gianicolo

This is known as the city of seven hills, but actually Rome has more than that. Indeed, the Gianicolo (or Janiculum), the hill that affords the best view of Rome, is west of the Tiber and outside the ancient city, so it's not counted among the ancient seven. Still, it's close to the historic center, just above the Vatican and the Trastevere neighborhood �€” and the panorama (not to mention the silence) from the top takes your breath away. At noon, the quiet is momentarily broken by the single shot of a cannon, to mark the exact time, a tradition that dates back to the 19th century.

Besides a stunning view of Rome's ancient landmarks, the Gianicolo gives you a quick and slightly more modern history lesson on the Italian Risorgimento, the 19th-century movement (and wars) that unified modern Italy. Busts of the heroes are scattered along the pathways, and looming over everything is a gigantic statue of the great bearded hero Giuseppe Garibaldi on horseback. Viva Italia!

Rome Italy: 8. The Pope

As for checking out living VIPs, I have found there is almost no one �€” Catholic or otherwise �€” who doesn't get a thrill out of seeing the Pope in person. He isn't always in Rome (particularly in summer), but usually he's around, so check with your hotel! Sunday at noon is the Angelus prayer when the Pope speaks from his window overlooking St. Peter's Square. Wednesday morning is the weekly general audience, which is either in the Square or inside the Pope Paul VI auditorium. Tickets are required for the latter, but if you ask the Swiss Guard at the Vatican's Bronze Door entrance at around 9 a.m., he'll slide you the tickets. In any case, best to bring binoculars. (You can also hear the Pope's addresses online at RadioVaticana.org.)

Rome Italy: 9. Ristorante Al Presidente

You're hungry again? Because of Rome's agreeable climate, lunch and dinner all'aperto is doable up to eight months out of the year. One of the best restaurants with the nicest terraces is Ristorante Al Presidente, flat in the center of town, under the shadow of the Quirinale presidential palace. The indoor dining room is also lovely. I can't help but order the same thing every time: pasta with fresh sardines and pecorino cheese.

Rome Italy: 10. Gelato

Like pizza al taglio, gelato is not hard to find in central Rome. Most of the gelato around here is high quality, but arguably still the best in town is at the famous Giolitti, nestled between the Pantheon and the Italian Parliament. Ask for up to three flavors on a medium cone to go, or sit down at a streetside table and savor every moment. Try bacio, pistachio and nocciola for a creamy, nutty, chocolate-touched delight.


ROME ITALY TRAVEL INFORMATION:

Arriving. There is a reliable train that takes you from the airport into the city. The express takes 30 minutes and costs 11 euros. If you take a train that makes all the stops, it takes twice as long, but costs half as much. A taxi will cost 40 euros (see below for more on Roman taxis).

Getting Around. The best way to cover the most ground is on two wheels. You can rent a bike, but Rome does have its hills and some bumpy cobblestones. Why not a scooter? Called a motorino in Italy, the putt-putt-puttmobile will take you everywhere you need to be, and there's nothing quite like zipping around the bend and seeing the Coliseum coming right at you. Among the many places that rent scooters to tourists is Barberini Scooters.

Taxis. You are likely to end up in taxi at some point. Don't try to make small talk with the cabbie. He is not your friend. Don't worry about him taking you for a ride. That's his job. And certainly don't ask him to turn down the radio blaring raving fans arguing about his favorite soccer team. He surely won't. Just make sure never to tip your Roman cabbie. He doesn't really expect it. And this is your (and my!) only revenge.

Walk Like a Local. Seeing a pair of tourists trying to cross the street in Rome is a bit like watching the beginning of a square-dance class. One step off the curb, two steps back. Of course, the safest bet is to cross at a traffic light. But a bit of jaywalking is inevitable in Rome. Just know that Roman drivers have heavy feet, but sharp eyes. If you see them, they see you, and they will slow down (just enough, so hurry). The real pedestrian hazards are the scooters that may dart out from behind cars. So keep your dancing feet on.

Tipping. No one will chase after you if you don't leave a tip, but about 5% has become standard at restaurants. A euro here or there for bartenders and bellhops will do the trick.

Cappuccino Customs. Don't order cappuccino after 12 p.m. My Roman wife cringes when she sees foreigners drinking an afternoon cappuccino. If there's also a sandwich involved, she can't even look. If you want to do as the Romans do, but don't like your espresso black, ask (after your meal) for a caffè macchiato, which comes with a splash of milk. If you insist on drinking your cappuccinos all day long, I'll just tell my wife not to look.

Open Hours. Plenty of Roman shops still partake in the afternoon siesta. To be safe, don't plan your shopping between 1:30 p.m. and 5 p.m (though some shops take shorter breaks). Stores are typically open daily until 8 p.m. and closed on Sunday. Restaurants in Rome, especially in the city center, tend to start serving dinner around 7:30 p.m. to accommodate visitors' dining habits. Romans usually won't sit down at the table at 9 p.m. Or later.

Written by Jeff  Israely for Time Magazine .

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For those of you who are looking for more information on Rome, see one of our favorite sites: Life-In-Rome

The Life In Rome site offers you many wonderful pages about the Eternal City. You will get an overview that will quickly get you acquainted with the city. Also, ideas and advice for sightseeing, shopping and restaurant tips, suggestions for great entertainment, unique insider tips to make the most out of your stay in Rome Italy.

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